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Tuesday, September 10, 2013



BASIC HUMAN NEEDS Presentation Transcript:

NEEDS:  a lack of something required or desired.
*Needs motivate us to act!
BASIC NEEDS :- are the absolute needs that every human being needs and other needs cannot imagined without fulfillment of these needs.
Fulfillment of basic needs is essential for life and is the motivating force behind human behavior.
Every individual has basic human needs – physical ,emotional ,social and intellectual.

3. Characteristics of basic needs
1)Basic needs are approximately same for all.
2)The importance of each need is different for each person.
3)All the basic needs are interconnected and interactive.

—Maslow’s  hierarchy theory
  of Basic needs for Human

5.Maslow’s theory
(a) Basic content
(b) Basis for need’s hierarchy
(c) General rules
(d) Significance to nursing

6.MASLOW ‘S hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by ABRAHAM MASLOW in 1943 paper A theory of human motivation.
Maslow’ s theory was fully expressed In his 1954 book MOTIVATION AND PERSONALITY.
The most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramid contains what Maslow called ‘’deficiency needs or’’ d needs’’ which includes esteem ,love ,security & physical needs.
If these deficiency needs are not met,the body gives no physical indication but the individual feels anxious .
Maslow’ s theory suggests that the most basic level of needs must be met before the individual will strongly desire for secondary needs.


8.Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
The hierarchy has five levels:
Physiological Needs: oxygen, water, protein, salt, sugar, calcium and other minerals and vitamins, shelter and sleep etc.
Safety Needs: security, stability, protection from physical and emotional harm
Belongingness & Love Needs: affection, belonging, acceptance, friendship, community
Esteem Needs: Internal ones are need for self-respect, confidence, autonomy, and achievement. External ones are need for respect of others, status, fame, glory, recognition and attention. Maslow feels these are the roots to many, if not most of our psychological problems.
Self-actualization:  doing that which maximizes one’s potential and fulfills one’s innate aspirations.

9.Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

10.PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS - related to body   necessary for life; when unmet, these needs lead to death    
Protection from extreme temperatures
Sensory needs
Motor needs

Physiological needs are the very basic  and strongest needs such as air, water, food, sleep, etc.
 When these are not satisfied we may feel sickness, irritation, pain, discomfort, etc. These feelings motivate us to alleviate them as soon as possible to establish homeostasis. Once they are alleviated, we may think about other things.
We need these for basic survival.

Personal security :- includes
The need to be free from anxiety and fear
The need to be secure in the environment.  i,e. stability
The need for order and routine
Financial security
Health and well being security

13.2. Safety Needs/ Security Needs
When all physiological needs are satisfied & no longer dominating our thoughts & behaviors, we progress to safety needs,  that is need for security.
We often have little awareness of these, except in times of emergency & disorganization in social structure (war time, terrorist acts, domestic violence, natural disasters). People  often experience post traumatic disorder in absence of physical security.
Absence of economic safety due to economic crisis manifest themselves in saving accounts, insurance policies, accommodations and many  more like this.

14.LOVE AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS/ SOCIAL NEEDSSocial acceptance, friendship, to be loved
Need to belong, to relate to others
    -the ability to give and receive love and affection
    -reproductive capabilities

15.Belongingness & Love needs
When safety & physiological needs are met, we desire, to be loved by others & to belong.
Humans have desire to belong to family, groups ,clubs, work groups, religious groups etc.
We need to feel loved by others, accepted by others and seek to overcome the feelings of loneliness and alienation.
 We need to be needed.
This involves both giving & receiving love, affection & the sense of belonging (family, friends, social groups).
 These needs often overcome the Physiological  and Safety needs depending on the strength of peer pressure.
This need is especially strong in childhood.            

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