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Monday, August 26, 2013

Computer Engineering PPTs Part 2

PPT On Facebook Addiction


Facebook Addiction Presentation Transcript:
1.Facebook Addiction

       Facebook is a popular free social networking website launched in February 2004. In september 2012,Facebook has over one billion active users.
     It allows registered users to create profiles, upload photos and video, send messages and keep in touch with friends, family and colleagues.
     The site, which is available in 37 different languages, includes public features such as:

3.Convenient of FACEBOOK

Facebook is a tool that allows advertising of tourism services
Allows direct sale of products
Can create a virtual office

Can share your information and your life with people.
Lets hear new friends in any part of the world.
Facebook eliminates the barriers of shyness.
To discover infidelities.

6.Promotes the creation of cultural évennements political or social.
Offer is a variety of games and applications online for fun in your free time.
Can learn other languages ??in conversing with people from another country.

7.facebook comapny enregistre tout tes données dans une base de données et les garder méme tu supprime ton compte Risquer ca vie profitionnelle , en ajoutant votre patron. Ca lui permettre de analyser ta personnalité d'acceder à tous informations personnelles. you have to ceep distance between your personal  and profetionel life Befriending your boss on Facebook is tricky. psycologie problemes Lose of  time wish is a conciconce of addiction

8.Signs Of FaceBook Addiction You wake up and the first thing you do is "check Facebook". And it's the last thing you do at night. U lose sleep over Facebook.FB becomes a compulsion and u could spend whole night logged on to the site. U spend many hours a day on Facebook. U becomes obsessed with old love or exes u reconnect with on Fb. U ignore work in favor of Facebook, which means u do not do ur job in order to sneak time on Facebook. The thought of getting off FB leaves u in cold sweat. Trying to go a day without Facebook causes u stress and anxiety, this surely means u need help.

9.Admit you have a problem Think of other things you could be doing Leave Facebook Find a substitute 

10.. A third also said they actually felt sad when they compared their own photos to those of their friends, and half said that the Timeline feature actually made it easier to compare changes in their body weight and size across time. . “Facebook is making it easier for people to spend more time and energy criticizing their own bodies and wishing they looked like someone else,” said Dr. Harry Brandt, director of The Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt, which conducted the study. “In this age of modern technology and constant access to Smartphones and the internet, it’s becoming increasingly difficult for people to remove themselves from images and other triggers that promote negative body image, low self-esteem and may ultimately contribute to eating disorders.”

11..This might suggest that Facebook may be doing what fashion magazines have long been criticized for: offering an avenue for young people to compare themselves to others. The difference here is that many times it’s among friends and acquaintances, rather than models. Earlier work found that the more time young women (12-19) spend on Facebook, the more likely they are to develop an eating disorder, including anorexia, bulimia, and intense dieting. More avid Facebook users were also more likely to have negative feelings about their bodies and physical dissatisfaction. Since social media isn’t going anywhere, it might be time for us to adjust our relationship to it, and arrive at a better balance. How’s your relationship with Facebook? Do you find yourself hooked? Do its pros outweigh its cons?

12.You may think you are a casual user of Facebook. Well, maybe you are, are not. You may be more addicted to Facebook than you like to admit it! 

PPT On Network Marketing Industry


Network Marketing Industry Presentation Transcript: 
1.Network Marketing Industry

2.Highlights of the Industry                            
It first popularized by Amway, in 1950s in USA
Total turnover estimated at Rs 301,044 crores
2005 with an annual growth rate of 25%
People have negative perception of direct selling organizations and network marketing organizations
The aggressive selling techniques, exaggerations of facts in recruiting, pyramiding scams and unethical way of exploiting relationships all together form a basis for this negative perception.

3.Introduction of Network Marketing
Long relied on direct marketing to target customers without spending a lot of money
Marketers have taken the direct model one step further, i.e. not only they do the sales, but recruit and train new distributors
The advantage in network marketing is the commission paid not only for direct sales made by the salesperson , but also from the sales made by the recruits made by him.

4.According to the Direct Selling Association in  the United States, 70% of the revenue from the direct selling industry was generated by network marketing companies
In the case of Pakistan, network marketing momentum was conspicuous in India during mid 90’s followed by the establishment of the Pakistan arm of Gold Mine International.
Total turnover of network marketing companies in Pakistan was estimated at Rs.30, 104 crores

5.In 2005 with an annual growth rate of 25% (Tribute, 2006). GMI, EMI, Tiens, Unaico site talk and Sky Aims are the major network marketing players in the Pakistani market.
Pakistani middle class was projected to grow from 1.1 crore households in 2001-02                     
1.7 crore households in 2005-06 and the figure is expected to be 2.8 crore by 2009-10.

6.There are others like Fahad,who have dubbed MLM schemes as unethical, and guilty of ‘instrumentalising’ relations rooted in love and affection and as such is socially and psychologically unacceptable to most people in our society.
The researchers in this study propose to explore whether such a phenomenal growth of network marketing in Pakistan is because of the exploitation of relationships with friends and relatives.

7.Objectives of the Study
To examine the exploitation of relationships in Network Marketing
To deny the wrong perception about earning in network marketing industry that one can earn without working.
To prove that as density or saturation of the members increased scope of working does not decreased.

H1:The Network Marketing is not likely to exploit the relationships. 
 H2:The perception about network marketing that one can earn without working is wrong. Earning is only done by working.
H3:Scope decreases with the increase in density.

9.Defining Terms
Network Marketing is a subset of direct selling and is also known as “multilevel marketing”, “structure marketing” or “multilevel direct  selling
First, sales people (distributor) may earn compensation from their personal sales of goods and services ”
Second, they may earn compensation from sales to or purchase from  those persons whom they have personally sponsored or recruited into the network (down lines).

10.Hence Network Marketing
Buying products,
Selling products,
Finding other agents to buy and sell  products
Mark up usually ranges from 20% to 50%.
Distributors receive a monthly commission for their ‘personal volume’,

11.Distributors receive a net commission on the sales of those they recruit into the network.
The sunflower and pyramid are the two common business models in network marketing

For the purpose of our study, the researchers define relationships as those with the emotional attachment and/or intimacy existing among relatives and friends.
Relatives we mean closely related persons like siblings, parents, in - laws, cousins, nieces and such others.
By ‘friends’ the researchers mean those persons who are dependable, trustworthy and loyal.

to study the exploitation of relationships in network marketing, the researcher used the  multi level marketing company, Sky Aims
Data was collected from 50 respondents using convenient sampling method
The sample was drawn from Sky Aims outlet at Lahore for 5 consecutive days while the channel members were in the outlets for getting products.

14.The sample of respondents were segmented and classified into three classes based on experience in Amway’s network marketing.
Out of 50 respondents, 17 were below 2 years,
20 between 2 to 5 years and
13 were above 5 years
10 relatives,20 friends, 15 Colleagues and 5 others are respondents.

15.Relation satisfaction with Upline



COMPUTER CODES Presentation Transcript:

Computer use binary coding schemes to represent data internally.
A group of bits represents every symbol that appears in the data.
Group of bits used to represent a symbol is called a “byte”.
1 byte=8 bits


In computing and electronic systems, binary-coded decimal (BCD) is a class of binary encodings of decimal numbers where each decimal digit is represented by a fixed number of bits, usually four or eight, although other sizes (such as six bits) have been used historically.
Special bit patterns are sometimes used for a sign or for other indications


Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) is an 8-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems.
EBCDIC descended from the code used with punched cards and the corresponding six bit binary-coded decimal code used with most of IBM's computer peripherals of the late 1950s and early 1960s.

The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is a character-encoding scheme originally based on the English alphabet that encodes 128 specified characters - the numbers 0-9, the letters a-z and A-Z, some basic punctuation symbols, some control codes that originated with Teletype machines, and a blank space - into the 7-bit binary integers.

8.ASCII codes represents text  in computers , communication  equipments  and other devices that uses text.
ASCII includes definitions for 128 characters: 33 are non-printing control characters (many now obsolete) that affect how text and space are processed and 95 printable characters, including the space (which is considered an invisible graphic).

Unicode provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language.
Allows for multilingual text using any or all the languages you desire.

Having just one way to process text reduces development and support costs, improves time-to-market, and allows for single version of source code.
Standards insure interoperability and portability by prescribing conformant behavior.
Easy conversion from legacy code pages.

UTF-8(Unicode Transformation Format-8)
UTF-16(Unicode Transformation Format-16)
UTF-32(Unicode Transformation Format-32)

This is byte oriented format having all Unicode characters represented as a variable length of one, two, three, or four bytes.

This is word oriented format having all Unicode characters represented as a variable length encoding of one or two words.(1 word=16 bits)

This is a double-word oriented format having all unicode characters represented as a fixed length encoding of two words.



HYPNOSIS Presentation Transcript:
1.An introduction
In collaboration with
The National Guild of Hypnotists, USA

2.Look at this pendulum…..

Paracelsus, a scientist and physician  of Swiss
                origin, developed a theory about the
                interrelationship between the stars and the
                human disease processes

1734 – 1815        Australian physician MESMER, developed the
                above    theory further by assuming that there
                was a universal fluid, which pervades the
                earth and all human beings. He named this
                 fluid “Animal Magnetism”.
4.1756 – 1819        Abbe de Faria, Catholic priest, is considered to             be the     first Hypnotist because he used “GO             TO SLEEP” phrase. He corrected Mesmer’s             theory by stating that according to his             research, there was no need for a universal             fluid to induce trance; it was the power of             suggestion that lead to a sleep like state 1795 – 1860        The induction of “LUCID” sleep was             developed further by the English optometrist             James Braid. During experiments Braid found             that the trance like state was very genuine             and very natural, especially when subjects fix             their gaze on a shinning object. He named                 this state “Hypnosis” after the Greek word                 “HYPNO” which means sleep. 1820            Du Potent began a series of observation of             Hypnosis, appointed by the French Academy             of Medicine.  

5.1788 – 1863        Dr. John Elliotson, on June 25, 1846 explained the use of clairvoyant subjects for diagnosing  obscure cases.

1808 – 1859        Dr. James Esdaile performed hundreds of
                painless surgical operation in Calcutta, India.

1795 – 1860        Dr. James Braid published a book titled
                “Hypnotism for Medical Use”.

1841            Bernheim, professor of medicine at Nancy,
                 published a book De La Suggestion
                (Suggestive Therapeutics).
                Liebeault and Bernheim are known as the
                 Fathers of Modern Hypnosis.
6.1955            British Medical Association adopted the Use of

1958            American Medical Association adopted the use
                of Hypnosis.

1961            American Psychiatric Association adopted the
                use of Hypnosis.

1963            First course on Hypnosis conducted in
                Philadelphia, by medical doctors, for medical
                doctors, approved by the American Medical

7.Fifty years ago hypnotists were entertainers who persuaded some
one to quack like a duck in a night club. One hundred years ago
hypnotists were called charlatans, and during the Middle Ages, a
hypnotist was considered a witch.
Today’s hypnotist is likely to be a physician, a psychologist,
a university researcher, or a nurse, and to be employed in
the emergency room of Jefferson Hospital in Louisiana, at
the figure skating pavilion in the Olympics, or at the local
weight control center.
Today hypnosis is some thing every one looks forward to!!
While it’s a serious therapeutic technique, hypnosis is also a
pleasant and calming experience, and you’ll be delighted when you
realize that it can help you transform yourself.

Conscious thinking            Conscious mind
Unconscious thinking        Subconscious mind
The part that deals with the decision making process, LOGIC is
10% of our brain power. This is the seat of will power and is
called the conscious mind
Below the level of awareness lies 90% of our brain power that
is what we call the sub conscious mind

9.Hypnosis temporarily suspends the critical faculty,
(Conscious thinking) so that the suggestions are accepted at the inner conscious level

The levels of consciousness range from a state of alertness to a sleep state. There are no rigid boundaries setting off one level from another. Instead, the levels blend into each other and can be generally defined as shown in the following chart

11.Psychotherapy that uses hypnosis
as part of the therapeutic process
is called

We all experience hypnotic states many times
Children engrossed in watching cartoons
Highway driving
Watching a favorite movie
Day dreaming & Imagination
Prayers, meditation & worship

13.It happens to us all, young and old, in every day life and on special occasions.
It is a state of being fully absorbed and attentive to such a degree that occurrences in the outside world becomes less important

14.Milton H. Erickson was a physician who championed the use of hypnosis in the United States. He formed scholarly hypnosis societies, and was an astounding presence in a purple cape, curing patient after patient with his unique hypnotic approach. Today, Ericksonian hypnosis
 is taught throughout the world.

Hypnosis can help you reach your goals:
In your personal life. Perhaps you want to stop smoking, or may be you need motivation to start exercising?
In your work life. Thinking about making a dynamic sales presentation, or do you need help so you wont arrive late at meetings?
In your family life. Perhaps you want to have more patience for your cousin, or do you want to remember to take out the trash every night?
In your recreational life. Do you want to improve your golf game or concentrate better at bridge?

PPT On Meeting


Meeting Presentation Transcript: 
1.What is meeting?
When two or more people come together to discuss one or more topics, often in a formal setting.
Formal or informal deliberative assembly of individuals called to debate certain issues and problems, and to take decisions.

2.What is purpose of meeting?
To solve a problem.
 To make a decision.
 To develop a plan.
 To gather or convey information.
 To get a response to information.
 To obtain approval/reach consensus.
 To establish understanding/rapport.
 To clarify responsibilities.
 To create a sense of teamwork.

3.An agenda is a list of meeting activities in the order in which they are to be taken up, by beginning with the call to order and ending with adjournment. It usually includes one or more specific items of business to be discussed. It may, but is not required to, include specific times for one OR more activities.

Communicates important information such as:
    1.topics for discussion 2.presenter or discussion leader for each topic 3.time allotment for each topic
Provides an outline for the meeting (how long to spend on which topics)
Can be used as a checklist to ensure that all information is covered
Lets participants know what will be discussed if it's distributed before the meeting.
Provides a focus for the meeting.

5. Effective Agenda
Head your agenda with the date, time and title or purpose of the meeting.
Create a welcome message for your staff.
Compile a list of topics you will be discussing at the meeting.
Approximate the time that will be spent on each item.

6.5.Include an "Open" or "Questions" item at the end of your meeting.

6.Complete the agenda by adding a task for staff to complete or a question they must reply to. 

7.What to consider?

8.What to do to make meeting effective?

9.Running meeting effectively….
Be Prepared
        The number one rule for effective chairmanship is to be prepared well in advance for the meeting. He should, with the help of the secretary of the organization, draft an agenda for the meeting which reflects the purpose of the meeting.

10. Be Prompt
Prompt responses to the members’ opinions and suggestions are very important in keeping the meetings under control. Use common sense. Never let the discussion linger on. Never let things get out of your command.

11.A chair should be the first to arrive at the meeting place. He should realize that time is very precious. A chair must insist that meetings start on time and end on time.

12.A chair should be strict without being rude. Always see to it that the rule and decorum of the organization are observed by the members. Never allow personal attacks and ego boosting performances by the members.

13.Be Impartial
Many a times, the discussions may reach a point where the chair will have to make a ruling depending on the preceding discussions. The general trend of the discussion may have gone against the chair’s own conviction. But the majority should always be given weightage. Chair may mention his reservations while proclaiming his rulings, though.

14. Being honest and open is the best virtue for a chair. Even though the chair has to stick with the majority decision, the chair will be respected if he reveals his own caliber and credibility.

15.Be Knowledgeable
       Above all, the chair should have a sound knowledge of the parliamentary procedures and rules governing the conduct of a meeting. He should have the Robert’s Rule Of Order on his fingertips to guide the meeting in the desired direction. A basic knowledge about different types of motions will be a useful tool while chairing a meeting.



NITROGEN FIXATION Presentation Transcript:

Most Abundant
Essential Organic Component
Primary Nutrient             Green Plants
Fixed Nitrogen ??
Nitrogen Fixing organisms          Diazatrophs

3.Nitrogen Cycle :
Relationship b/w Organic & Inorganic N2 Metabolism.

4.Abiotic Fixation
Result : Nitrates
Source: Lightening & Cosmic Radiations

 Nitrogen+ Oxygen                Nitrogen Oxides
                                            (NO , NO2)
 Nitrogen Oxides + Water              Nitric Acid

Imp. In Carbon and Nitrogen Cycle
Utilize variety of inorganic and organic sources of combined nitrogen such as nitrate, nitrite, ammonium

6.Rhizobia & Flankia

7.Nitrogen cycle
Series of natural processes by which nitrogen passes through successive stations in air, soil, and organisms.
The atmospheric nitrogen occur in an inert form (N2)/can’t be used by most of the orangnims.
Atmospheric nitrogen is fixed by nitrogen cycle.
Which principally invovles:-
Nitrogen fixation.

8.Deposits into soil & surface water precipitation.
Once settled; undergo changes
Conversion via Microorganisms:
Bacteria in symbiotic relation with plants.
Free aerobic bacteria/alga.

9.Two step process; converts NH3/NH4+ to NO3.
In first step:-
    Nitrosomanas/nitrococcus (soil bacteria) convert NH3 to NO2-.

10.In second step:-
 Nitrobacter converts NO2- to NO3-.
Bacteria  gain energy known as ( nitrifying bacteria).

Process by which plants/animals take up nitrates and ammonia.
Plants take up NO3- and NH4+ through their roots and integrate them into various plant proteins /nucleic acids.
Animals take up this nitrogen by consuming plant tissues.

Many bacteria and fungi convert nitrogen into ammoniumNH4+ known as ammonification.
Converted ammmonia become available to take part in other biological processes.


14.Ecological Implications of Human Alterrations to Nitrogen Cycle:-
Burning fossils fuels.
Primary productivity of many ecosystems.
Alterations in both aquatic/terrestrial ecosystems.
Argicultural systems (leach out of soil)
Haber-bosch process.
Harmful algal blooms.
Change in boidiversty/overall ecosystem function.
Parasitic/infectious diseases (humans/wildlife).
Increased acidification in freshwater ecosystems.

Développement d’un tableau de bord de suivi de production


Développement d’un tableau de bord de suivi de production Presentation Transcript:
1.Développement d’un tableau de bord de suivi de production

2. Introduction  1/2
Accroissement remarquable du volume de courrier des entreprises au cours du dernière décennie.

3.Technologie sécurisée  permettant une sortie électronique ou physique vers les différent canaux de distributions :

4. Problématique et solution proposée 2/2
Développement d’un tableau de bord de suivi de production
 Consulter à tout instant l’état de la production
 au sein de département Courrier Hybride
Faciliter quelques taches administratives
Suivi de production

5. Introduction
Architecture du système Courrier Hybride
Problématique et solution proposée
Spécification & analyse des besoins

6. Spécification & analyse des besoins  1/2 

7. Réalisation
Outils de développement :
Système de Gestion de Base de données : MySQL 4.0
(IDE) Environnement de développement

8. Conclusion
Mise en œuvre d’un tableau de bord de suivi de production et des statistiques du département Courrier Hybride du centre de tri Tunis Carthage, constitué de trois modules.
Préparation de fiche de production
Et une base de données:

Outil de Suivi et Pilotage de l’Activité de Recouvrement Amiable Judiciaire


Outil de Suivi et Pilotage de l’Activité de Recouvrement Amiable Judiciaire Presentation Transcript:
1.Outil de Suivi et Pilotage de l’Activité de Recouvrement Amiable Judiciaire

Etude de l’existant

3.Insolvabilité l'établissement financier se trouve dans l'obligation de transférer le dossier en sujet au département adéquat qui n'est autre que le service contentieux.

4.Elle est le résultat d’une association entre des initiatives et des capitaux tunisiens, principalement du secteur privé et des efforts d’institutions financières arabes et internationales.


La problématique se situ au niveau de la capacité du traitement automatique des dettes et de suivi juridique des client en détté 

L’objectif est  de trouver une solution à la problematique par le sauvegarde les informations concernant les dossiers des client transférer au contentieux dans une base de donne qui se trouve dans un serveur à distance
Et pour gérer ce dernier on va utiliser une application qui nous aide a faire tout ces taches

Notre projet consiste à développer une application qui vise à sauvegarder les informations se rapportant aux dossiers ayant fait l’objet d’une décision de  transfert au contentieux, dans la base de données, et ce  pour une meilleure utilisation ultérieure.

Lors de la conception de tout système informatique la phase de spécification des besoins demeure une phase primordiale au bout de laquelle on aura défini les besoins fonctionnels ainsi que les besoins non fonctionnels de notre application


11.Merci pour votre attention
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