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Monday, June 16, 2014

PPT On Advance Educational Technology in Nursing


 Advance Educational Technology in Nursing Presentation Transcript

  •   In modern world we are confronting with four major problems that has an impact on Education.
  •   Information Explosion – Explosion of knowledge - Horizon of human knowledge and understanding is expanding very fast.
  •   Communication Explosion – has made significant transformations in Industry, agriculture, medicine, Nursing, engineering and other fields.
  •   Advance in technology are impacting the way that most people do their jobs and nursing is certainly no different.
  •   With innovations in medical devices & software, technological improvements are literally changing the way that nurses practice, including everything from how they deliver care to patients to how they manage clinical workflows


  •   It is the application of science to the needs of man and society.
  •   Educational Technology is the application of many fields of science to meet the educational needs of the individuals and society as a whole.
  •   It includes the entire process of setting of goal, the continuous reforms of curriculum, the tryout of new methods and materials, evaluation process and innovation.


  •   Internet, email, facsimile
  •   Online conferencing
  •    Web based Course ware (World Wide Website)
  •   Video conferencing Computer Assisted learning
  •    Electronic Syllabi, Bulletin Boards
  •    Simulation.
  •   Virtual library Cyber Guides

Which are influencing the technology advancement:

  •   Changing Student Profile
  •   Educational Mobility
  •   Shortage of Qualified Nursing Faculty
  •   Technology and Education
  •   Changing Health Care Settings
  •   The Aging Population


  Clinical trials, intervention research, or experiments conducted in the real world of practice
  Theory development is needed to guide research and increase nursing’s scientific credibility
  “New science” with much uncharted territory


  •   Teaching self-care and resolution of responses to pathology
  •   Opportunities to teach outside  the hospital: shorter stays and increased severity of illness Need for nurse educators


  •   Implants, genetic therapies, imaging devices
  •   Medical artificial intelligence such as computer-assisted surgery, ECG and fetal monitoring interpretation, clinical diagnosis, and genetic counseling
  •   Telemedicine
  •   Devices for home use

  •   Continue Professionalism of Nursing
  •   Extend Practice through Research
  •   Increase Public Awareness of Nursing’s Contribution to Health Care
  •   Increase Nursing Influence on Health Care Policy &  Delivery
  •   Become More Globally Aware
  •   Increase the Number of Nurses in Health Care Leadership and Administrative Roles
  •   Achieve Cultural Diversity and Gender Balance in Nursing
  So, ultimately this technology will improve response times, increase accuracy and ensures safety.
  In addition to helping patients, technology can also help nurses & other clinical staff improve communication & introduce greater efficiencies in clinical workflow which frees up nurses & other staff to spend more time concentrating on delivering the best possible patient.
 10. Thank You

PPT On nursing education in India


Nursing education in India Presentation Transcript

According to ICN: Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people.


  1. St Stephens Hospital at Delhi was the first one begun training the Indian women as nurses in 1867. 
  2. Nursing and its history indicates that the principles and practices of nursing are ancient. 
  3. Before independence, the progress of nursing and nursing education was not good due to :-

  • Caste system
  • Poor status of women
  • The notion that nursing is done by low people and it is servants work.


  • Nursing man power development
  • Knowledge aim
  • Leadership aim
  • Professional development
  • Personality development
  • Nursing Research 
  • Democratic citizenship

  • Nursing council act came to existence in 1948 to constitute a council of nurses to safeguard the quality of nursing education in the country.
  • Indian Nursing Council is a statutory body that regulates nursing education in the country that regulates nursing education in the country through prescription, inspection, examination, certification, maintaining standard and uniform syllabus.
    1.Through Board of Examination Programs
  • Auxiliary Nurse and Midwife 
  • General Nursing and Midwifery
   2.University Programs
  • BSc (N)
  • Post Basic BSc (N)
  • MSc (N) in various specialties
  • M. Phil in Nursing and PhD in Nursing 
  • Lack of good standard training schools and colleges.
  • Limited facilities for undergoing higher education in nursing.
  • Variation in nursing training courses/ syllabus within the state as well as among different states of India.
  • Facility for undergoing specialty training in different areas such as emergency nursing, pediatric nursing etc. at present the opportunities and facilities are very limited.
  • There is a great need of to prepare nurse educators.
  • Rigid curriculum and lack of teaching material in terms of book and journals etc.
  • ICN stated that nursing curriculum is being challenged to go beyond the theories of caring to empower students with self knowledge and also generate new methods of practices.
  • Use of technological advancements
  • Interdisciplinary approach to nursing education 
  • Problem based learning
  • Market oriented and develop marketing strategies
  • Use of informatics research
  • Evidence based clinical practice
  • To achieve higher level of nursing  of the need is of the education that is liberally and scientifically based, flexible and culturally sensitive and fonded on the core value of nursing profession.
8. Thank You..

PPT On Simulation in nursing


  Simulation in Nursing  Presentation Transcript

  • It is basically the role play to learn the problem solving behavior .it is as old as human being is on the earth. Not only human being even animal also use this to train their young ones to adjust to environment. But its use in teaching is  comparatively very recent.
  • Example-pilots are given all types of experience of actual flying in office room on maps or on models prepared to acquiring the trainees with strategy of war fair

2.Meaning :

It is basis of socio-drama, role playing, & psychodrama. It is not actual teaching. It is assumed that through role perception. The psychological appreciation of class room problem will grow & develop in student teacher. It is a basis for handling the problem in class.

  • An attempt to give appearance or to give the effect of something else."                                                                                     Barton (1970)
  • “It is imitation of operation of a real world process or system over time 
  • “Act of imitating the behavior of some situation or some process by means of something suitably analogues.”

  •  To help the students to practice decision making & problem solving skills in controlled & safe setting.
  •  Students have a chance to apply principles & theories they have learned & to see how & when these principles work.
  •  By means of active involvement in simulation by exercise, games, role playing the student achieve cognitive, affective & psychomotor skills.

5. Characteristics:

  • Mirror like situation while providing control over external variable .
  • Provide a mix of experience that can be learned.
  • Provide a safe environment in which learning has  priority over patient care or system demands.
  • Provide immediate feedback on performance.

6.Steps of procedure;

  • Selecting the role player -  a small group of 4 or 5 pupil teacher is selected. They are assigned different letters in an alphabetical order. Role assignments are rotated within the group to give chance to everyone. Every member of the group gets an chance to be actor or observer.    
  • Selecting & discussing skills - skills to be practiced are discussed &the topic fit in skills is suggested. One topic each is selected by group member for exercise.
  • Planning  -  it has to decided that who will start the conversation, who will top the interaction .
  • Deciding the procedure of evaluation -  how to record the interaction & how to present it to actor has to be decided so that a proper feedback on his performance can be given.
  • Provided practical lesson -  role player should be provided reinforcement on their performance. Give them training for playing their part well.

7.Types of Simulation:

  1. Written simulation – individual uses either paper or pencil. Latent image format. Purpose includes problem solving, decision making, to evaluate student ability to apply the skills.
  2. Audio visual simulation -  an entire simulation can be placed on video tape. Question can be posted for views right on screen & all the alternative outcomes, dependent on which approaches to a solution are chosen, can all be taped.
  3. Live simulation – Lincoln, Layton &  Hold men described their experience with simulated patient. Patients were healthy people, usually students, who were trained in role play they were to play. Simulated patient use their own history as much as possible but memorized & added the elements of history that has been created for simulation. Nursing students found the experience to be beneficial. They would be much more relax & confident when meeting their first real patient.

8. Merits of Simulation:

  • It actively engages learner in application of knowledge & skills in realistic situation.
  • It is useful in promoting transfer of learning from classroom to clinical setting. 
  • It is fun & interesting, they can motivate to learn. It appears to both slow & fast learner & apparently is effective for all types of students.
  • Students can learn without harming patient.
  • Student can receive feedback on appropriateness of their action during simulation. 
  • It encourages creative & divergent thinking.
  • Student can learn from faculty member who is guiding the simulation & leading discussion
  • Can permit learning & practice of different technique.

9. Demerits of Simulation:

  • It is costly in terms of time & money.
  • Not comfortable for all.
  • Models often easily damaged.
  • Acquisition of necessary factual content & would result in boredom.
  • Useful only for small group.
  • Cost of developing & reproducing a  simulation may not be recovered even with repeated use.
  • Process & outcome of simulation method are not always predictable.
  • It cannot be conveniently used in case of small children  because it is too difficult to follow for them
  • It requires a lot of preparation from part of teacher.
  • It needs many simulators.

10. Values of Simulation:

  • It ensure safe nursing practice by bridging gap between theory and practice.
  • It is an effective technique to learn psycho motor skills.
  • It helps students to develop critical thinking abilities & problem solving skills.
  • It enables students to empathize real life situation.
  • With its help teacher can easily inoculate proper attitude among nursing students.
  • It can also be used to evaluate students.

11. Thank You
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