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Saturday, July 26, 2014



Student Government Presentation Transcript

    Government by the students usually requires the setting up of a student association of the school, to function of the officially recognized organization of the student.   The council which would he the executive organ of the student association should he composed of two or more elected representatives from each class.  It should have a president, vice president and secretary and should maintain accurate records of all it meetings.

  • The promotion of students welfare
  • The development of cooperation and unity
  • The establishment and maintenance of good interpersonal relationship with staff
  • The development of ability is organizational techniques and committee procedures.
  • The promotion of the reputation of the school.
  • The establishment of lines of communication and association with other student groups in the community and in the country as a whole.
  • The advancement of professional thinking and action.
  • Initiating and supporting the student’s social, cultural and professional activities.
  • Assisting with the orientation of new students.
  • Reviewing when requested the school and hospital procedures and policies and making recommendation in this respect. 
  • The interpretation and enforcement where appropriate, of school policies. 
  • Taking disciplinary action when necessary is accordance with measures agreed upon by the members.
  • Cont..
  • Receiving investigation and in some instance, disposing of complaints relating to the hostel.
  • Establishing official channel of communication with the school staff in relation to student council manners and
  • The appointment of representatives to serve on school committees.
  • The staff of the school of nursing is not normally members of the student council through they may be invited to serve as on office members on some of the committees.
  • When a school set up a student association for the first time it is desirable that the staff should offer to assists with its organizations, the formulation of its objectives and the determination of its function.
  • It may be desirable in the early stages for the council to limit its functions to those which it will be able to carryout with a reasonable degree of success, and gradually to increase in responsibilities as the members demonstrate their ability to carry them.

    The student nurses association is an associate organization of the trained nurses association of India.  This is only nationally accepted organization of student nurses.  In additions to providing a means of personal and professional development for the nursing students, it serves as a source of membership for the parent organization.

  • It was established in 1929 at the time of the Annual Conference of the Trained nurses Associations of India. The nursing superintendent of the government general hospital, Madras, Miss L.N. Jeazns was the first honorary organization secretary of this association.
  • The pioneer unit of SNA was established at the general Hospital Madras, followed by Christian Rainy Hospital, Madras and the presidency general hospital, Calcutta.
  • In the year 1954, the SNA celebrated its silver jubilee and there was significant increase in the number of units by them.
  • The number increase to 117 and membership to 4259.  The SNA celebrated its diamond Jubilee with almost three fold increase in the number of units and 7 times increase in membership that is 355 units and 29, 333 member. 
  • By September 30, 1998, the numbers of SNA units were 518 and the total membership of SNA was 45171. 
  • Since 1961 the student’s nurses are having separate Biennial conference.  These are held alternality with TNAI conferences
  • To help students to up had the dignity and norms of the profession for which they are qualifying.
  • To promote a cooperative spirit among students for the common good.
  • To en courage leadership ability and allow students to gain a wide knowledge of the Nursing profession.
  • To encourage both professional and recreational meetings, games and sports.
  • To encourage students curricular and extra curricular activities.
  • To have a closer rapport with other student nurse members through meetings, conference, tours and visits to professionally relevant institution.
  • To acquire organizational competence and leadership qualities by taking part in the association’s activities held at unit, state and national level.
  • To learn how a professional organization plays on effective role on upholding the dignity and honor of the discipline of nursing.
  • To develop cooperative spirit among themselves.  Something that becomes an assert for their future career.
  • To work for their total development.
  • To have an effective voice in what the association stands for and does.
  • Students general nursing and or midwifery B.Sc., (N), Auxiliary Nurse, Midwifes, multipurpose healthy workers (Male and Female) Course of any training school recognized by the Indian Nursing Council can join SNA.
  • SNA membership is effected through SNA units.
  • Students Nurse get enrolled as SNA members and arrange a general body meeting of students in their particular school/college of Nursing the elect president cum SNA advisor from among members of TNAI.
  • Vice president Secretary, treasurer and converser are to be elected from among the student Nurses of various sections of the units.
  • It is desirable that every Nursing student joins the SNA and every school/college of Nursing establishes a unit.
  • Detailed list of SNA members’ year or batch wise along with free should be to the TNAI head quarters for registration.
  • Every unit gets free copies of the Nursing journal of India depending upon the member of members.
  • Individual members can have their personal copies by subscribing Rs 50 per annum.
  • Organizes meeting to discus professional and educational matters at the unit level every month or as and when required.
  • State level meeting/conferences are held annually
  • National level meeting are held annually and conference is held biennially.
  • Holds the state Annual conferences jointly with or independent of the state TNAI conferences.
  • Organizes national SNA biennial conferences, fine arts competitions, sports, literary and socio cultural activities scientific exhibition which make the conference fairly interesting & educative.
  • Maintain a unit diary which is assessed at the state and National level annually and prizes are awarded.
  • Gives an opportunity to the student to contribute to the SNA section the using journal of India where they organises found raising activities to finance the association.
ADMINISTRATION-  Affairs of SNA are administered at different levels as.

UNIT LEVEL-  The executive committee comprising of the SNA advisor cum president as ex office members vice president, secretary, Treasurer and the conveners of various committee.

STATE LEVEL-  It is by the state SNA executive committee comprising of the state TNAI president.

  1. At the Headquarters by the SNA general committee comprising the TNAI president.
  2. Hony
  3. Treasurer
  4. Secretary general
  5. SNA adviser
  6. State SNA adviser and state leaders.



Concept Of Management Presentation Transcript
One of the human activities is managing ever since people began forming groups to accomplish aims they could not achieve as individuals, managing has been essential to ensure the coordination of individual efforts concepts are building blocks of they and principles. The concept of management must be clear to those who use them. However, a precise definition of management is not so simple because the term management is used in a variety of ways.

  • Management has been defined as the creation and maintenance of internal environment in an enterprise where individuals working together in groups, can perform efficiently and towards the attainment of group goals. (Koontz and O’Donell)                
  • Management may be defined as the art of applying the environment principles that underline the control of men and material in the enterprise under consideration. (Kimball and Kimball)
  • Increase managerial efficiency
  • Develop a science of management and to crystallize the nature of management
  • Prepare and study research projects every year
  • Acquire social achievement
  • Top management
  • Middle order management
  • Lowest level management
  1. Management as a discipline
  2. Management as a group of people
  3. Management as a process
1. Management as a discipline
Discipline refers to a field of study having well-defined concepts and principles. When we refer to management as a discipline, we include in it the various relevant concepts and principles, the knowledge of which aides in managing. From this point of view, management can be treated either as an art or science .

2. Management as a group of people
Sometimes, we refer to management as a group of people in which we include all those personnel who perform managerial functions in organizations.

3. Management as a process
A process can simply defined as systematic method of handling activities. How ever the management process can be treated as a complex one which can be referred to as an identifiable flow of information through interrelated stages of analysis directed towards the achievement of an objective or set of objectives


1) Principles of policy making
    An effective management needs, clear and well thought out policy. The evolved polices should be such which may be acceptable to all and may be able to arouse the interest of the workers and provide incentives to all those who are responsible giving the polices a practical shape.

2) Principles of Improvement and adjustment

    An enterprise is a going concern, it grows step by step steadily but surely. The management has, therefore, to prove itself a living science. It should be flexible, able to accept improvement and adjust itself according to the dictate of the situation.

3) Principles of balance
In order to develop on proper lines with high degree of efficiency and economy the enterprise is required to have a balanced structure. Here, at least for this purpose the chief executives is required to go through all the details minutely and he is also to ensure that a proper balance between the duties, responsibilities rights and authority is well established.

4) Principle of Individual effectiveness

    According to Henri Fayol proper training on scientific lines for increasing the individual effectiveness. Proper training, good wages policy, human relations, and healthy surroundings also help the enterprise in increasing the effectiveness of an individual.

5) Principles of relationship of task and accomplishment
    Everyone should be placed in his assigned job according to his skill, knowledge, aptitude and experience so as to ensure efficiency and understanding. The scientific selection of workers helps the management in placing the workers at places where they are fitted suitably.

6) Principles of simplicity
    Working of any organization should be as simple as possible. From principle of simplicity we mean that plants used in production, procedure followed in routine jobs and the way in which materials and of course the mean are put to use should be simple enough.

7) Principles of specialization
    Standardization is a focal point of scientific management and it comes through specialization. Specialization increases the productivity. Quality of product improves due to specialization.

8) Principle of standardization
    Specialization makes standardization possible. Standardization helps in marketing the product. Quota and quality production is ensured with the help of standardization. Cost calculation becomes easy. The principle of standardization is of utmost importance to the management from the point of view of production, marketing, supervision and best utilization of available resources.

9) Principle of financial Incentives
    Sound wages policy based on financial incentives elicits maximum co-operation of the workers. This obviously ensures growth and prosperity to the enterprise. Serving the society is best possible manner in another goal of management which it can attain if the workers are satisfied and interested in serving the enterprise to their fullest capacity. The principle of financial incentives helps the management in achieving these objectives as well.

10) Principle of planning
    Planned work ensures smooth running of an enterprise. Plans decide as to what, when, how and of course whom a work is to be accomplished. Pre-determined objectives and thought give the point of achievement and success.

11) Principle of control
    However reasonable, discipline efficient and responsible worker might be needs a supervision and proper control. Effective control decides the future of the organization, standardization of jobs and product helps in better control over both men and materials.

12) Principle of leadership
    Supervision and control precedes the leadership, guidance and direction. Unless these are provided properly and as per the requirement of the enterprise no amount of supervision and control can vouch safe the smooth running of the enterprise. A good leadership, better direction, required direction also ensure co-operation and good human velocities.

13) Principle of co-operation
    Co-operation begets confidence and ensures mutual respect. Both of them are a must for proper and smooth working hence the principle and need for co-operation among all of the confidence.

14) Principle of responsibility and authority   
    Duties and responsibilities, rights and authority go together. Rights and authority cannot be exercised, unless they are clearly spelled out. It necessary that each workman and each section of the enterprise must be supplied a list of their duties and responsibilities which is to be performed and rights and authority they would enjoy while shouldering the burden of their duties and fulfilling their responsibilities.

15) Principle of exception
    According to this principle top management should be made free from routine nature of jobs so that it may devote its time in studying the problems and solutions to solve them.


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