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Monday, August 5, 2013

PPT On Interrupt Mechanism


Interrupt Mechanism Presentation Transcript:
1.Interrupt Mechanism
Interrupt Compared With Procedures
Call MyProc
A= Addition(4,5);
 Printf(“hello world”);

2.Int 21h
Int 10h

3.Interrupt Vector Table

4.ISR’s are Routines Resident in Memory

5.Interrupt Invocation
Push Flags, CS, IP Registers, Clear Interrupt Flag
Use (INT#)*4 as Offset and  Zero as Segment
This is the address of interrupt Vector and not the ISR
Use lower two bytes of interrupt Vector as offset and move into IP
Use the higher two bytes of Vector as Segment Address and move it into CS=0:[offset+2]
Branch to ISR and Perform I/O Operation
Return to Point of Interruption by Popping the 6 bytes i.e. Flags CS, IP.

6.Parameter Passing to S/W interrupts

7.S/W Interrupts Invocation
Psuedo Variables
           AX, BX, CX, DX
           _AX = 0x1234H
           a = _BX

8.geninterrupt ( 0 x int# )

9.Interrupt 21/09 Description


char st[80] ={"Hello World$"};
void main()
    REGS regs;
    regs.x.dx = (unsigned int) st;
    regs.h.ah = 0x09;

11.Interrupt 21/42H Description
Int # 21            Service # 42H                             
    AL = Move Technique
    BX = File Handle
 CX-DX = No of Bytes File to be moved
    AH = Service # = 42H
  DX-AX = No of Bytes File pointer               actually moved

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