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Tuesday, July 30, 2013

PPT On Migration

Presentation On Migration

Migration Presentation Transcript:

Overview of migration worldwide
Highlight the complexity of migration

Migration is about human beings
    policy and legal framework
Migration is essential and inevitable
Migration can benefit migrants, countries of origin and destination when it is orderly and humane

A process of moving, either across an international border or within a state, whatever its length, composition and causes
It includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, uprooted people and economic migrants
A Migrant is …
At the international level, no universally accepted definition exists
The term is usually understood to cover all cases where the decision to migrate is taken freely by the individual concerned for reasons of “personal convenience” and without intervention of an external compelling factor
It applies to persons, and family members, moving to another country or region to better their material or social conditions and improve the prospect for themselves or their family

5.A diaspora is …
Any people or ethnic population that leave their traditional ethnic homelands, being dispersed throughout other parts of the world
Refugees are …
A person, who “owing to well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinions, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country”
Internally displaced persons (IDP) are …
Persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes
In particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border

6.Migration At a Glance
A Complex, Global Phenomenon
24.5 million conflict related internally displaced people (by the close of 2006)
A phenomenon affecting all countries either as countries of origin, transit, destination or, increasingly, a combination of these
Considerable potential for development and progress: remittances, transfer of know-how, multi-culturalism, contribution to economies of host countries
Negative phenomena, too: brain drain, irregular migration in particular trafficking and smuggling, social tensions, impact on labour markets

7.Four key determining factors in case of cross border migration:
Pull of changing demographics and labor market needs in higher income countries
Push of wage differentials and crisis pressures, and
Social networks within regions and across continents, based on family, friends, culture and history
Low cost of transportation and communication

8.Migration: The Causes
Demographics and labor market needs
Wage differentials and crisis pressures
Support networks
4.  Other facilitating factors

9.The Fundamental Numbers

10.Migration: The Big Picture

11.Migration: The Big Picture
By the close of 2010, there were 27.5 million conflict related internally displaced people
The number of refugees by the close of 2010 was 15.4 million

12.Migration: The Big Picture
More types of migration

13.The Big Flows
Migration not just South-North (from a developing to a developed country) movement
 61 million moved from one developing country to another (South-      South)

14.Migration: The Big Picture
75% of all international migrants live in 28 countries
1 in every 3 migrants lives in Europe and about 1 in every 4 lives in Northern America

15.The Receivers
Top 3 migrant-receiving countries:

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