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Tuesday, July 30, 2013


Presentation On AZERBAIJAN

AZERBAIJAN Presentation Transcript:

A former Soviet republic, Azerbaijan, gained independence from the Soviet rule in the year 1991. However, independence soon saw a series of economic and political upheavals, but the country, which is also the oldest exporter of oil, after the introduction of new economic programs soon found itself on the recovery path.

Flora And Fauna of Azerbaijan     The flora of Azerbaijan is made up of trees like beech, oak, and pine with most tree cover on the mountain slopes and in the southeastern Lankaran Lowland. As far as fauna is concerned, the subalpine forests support a number of mammal species, including bear, deer, lynx, and wild boar. Leopards, though rare, also inhabit the forests. Reptiles, such as lizards and poisonous snakes, thrive in the arid and semiarid lowlands, which constitute the majority of the country's territory. Gazelles, jackals, and hyenas populate the lowlands as well. The Caspian Sea coast provides a mild winter home to populations of pelicans, herons, flamingos, swans, and other migratory birds

4.Economy of Azerbaijan    
As Soviet Union collapsed and Azerbaijan gained independence, the country had to go through severe economic turmoil. To add to the woes, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict produced around one million refugees. The living conditions of people deteriorated as inflation rose at jet speed. However, the economy began to recover in 1995, with the introduction of new economic programs. All state-owned enterprises were converted to public sectors. In 2001, the GDP touched $5.6 billion. Considering its extensive petroleum reserves, most of the foreign investments are now focused almost exclusively in the petroleum industry.

5.Arts and Crafts Azerbaijan has heavy influence of Persian and Turkish culture and has contributed several notable literary and scientific works during the medieval period. During the Soviet era in Azerbaijan, artists used their skills to express Azerbaijani nationalism. Music has always been important in an Azerbaijani life and the ancient Azerbaijani musical tradition is still kept alive by musicians known as ashugs, who improvise songs while playing a stringed instrument called a kobuz.

6.Tourist destinations:
The Maiden Tower
or also known locally as
Giz Galasi located in
the Old City, Baku in
Azerbaijan is an ancient

7.Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center
The Heydar Aliyev Center was established pursuant to Decree No.1886 signed by Ilham Aliyev, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, on December 26, 2006.

8.Ghazanchetsots Cathedral
Ghazanchetsots Cathedral, also known as the Cathedral of Christ the Holy Savior and the Shushi Cathedral, is an Armenian church located in Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh
Built on a site inhabited since the Palaeolithic period, the Walled City of Baku reveals evidence of Zoroastrian, Sasanian, Arabic, Persian, Shirvani, Ottoman, and Russian presence in cultural continuity. The Inner City (Icheri Sheher) has preserved much of its 12th-century defensive walls. The 12th-century Maiden Tower (Giz Galasy) is built over earlier structures dating from the 7th to 6th centuries BC, and the 15th-century Shirvanshahs' Palace is one of the pearls of Azerbaijan's architecture.

9.Absheron National Park
Absheron National Park — is a national park of Azerbaijan and was established on 8 February 2005 by the decree of the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, on an area of 783 hectares in the administrative


Kazakhstan, being a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States is a wonderful destination to venture to. The province boasts of wide spread landscapes, spellbinding train rides and eye catching terrains along with wonderful sceneries that is surely going to take your breath away.

12.Flora And Fauna Of Kazakhstan 
The region of Kazakhstan is covered with forest-steppe and coniferous woods from all ends.  There are 515 species of plants, 500 assorted ranges of birds, 178 animals, 49 types of reptiles, 12 amphibians with 107 ranges of fishes.  The rarest animal species residing in Kazakhstan are Transcaspian urial, long-needle hedgehog, wild cats like caracal and desert cat, goitred gazelles, birds like black-tailed sand grouse, Pallas sand grouse, wheatear and larks.  Usturt plateau is famous for wormwood and black saxauls. Tian Shan is known for fur woods where one can catch up with sights like the Tian-Shan brown bear, Siberian ibex, birds like lammergeyer, snow cock, snow vulture, griffon vulture, golden eagle, finches, chough and Alpine chough. Among the taiga woods placed along the Altai mountainous region of Kazakhstan watch out for giant moose, maral, musk deer, chipmunk and many other species.  Birds like the waterfowl, fish hawk, black stork, gull, sea swallow, imperial eagle, falcons and herons rest along this region. One may even catch up with reptiles like the central Asian turtle, toad agama and gecko.

13.People Of Kazakhstan  The population of Kazakhstan is constituted with several ethnic groups mainly:
The Kazakhs, covering about 53% of the inhabitants, while
The Russians covering 30% of the residents.
Several other groups reside within the region of Kazakhstan like the Ukrainians, Uzbeks, Germans, Chechens, and Uyghurs - belonging to the Russian authority.

14.Arts, Culture And Music Of KazakhstanArt:
Silk painting emerged within the region as the most attractive art form where painters depicted Kazakh family, their love legends, their yurt, their cultural life, Kazakh women and men along with other aspects relating to the region.

Culture: The Kazak natives dwell within a tent carved out with willow wood and felt which are popularly known as yurt. The local natives resort to animal husbandry and follow a nomadic customary method of living. The guests are treated with great honor and are served with delicacy made of freshly killed lamb.

Kazaks has a formulated ethnicity that is based upon the nomadic rustic culture. Kazakhstan is known to possess musical hubs like the Kazakh State Philharmonic Orchestra, Kazakh National Opera, Kazakh State Kurmangazy Orchestra of Folk Instruments, and Kazakh State Chamber Orchestra. Get a rustic musical culture, which shares common similarities with the Uzbek and Kyrgyz folk music where one may come across wandering lyric poet, bards, healers and spiritualist those who are called as akyn within the region. The akyn are known to carry musical instruments like qobuz or dombra along with them.
The other native musical instruments are kylkobyz, sherter, sybyzgy, saszyrnay, shankobyz along with kobizovaia, sibiz-govaia, and dombrovaia. These folk music are based on the prehistoric folklore and spiritual beliefs.
                      Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower

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