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Tuesday, August 6, 2013

PPT On Prewriting Techniques


Prewriting Techniques Presentation Transcript:

2.  What Is Pre-writing?
Prewriting is the first stage of the writing process and the point at which we discover and explore our initial ideas about a subject.

3.Pre-Writing TechniquesBrainstorming
Free writing
Journalistic  Technique

Brainstorming, also called listing, is a process of generating a lot of information within a short time by building on the association of previous terms you have mentioned.

    Alternative fuels

Clustering is also called mind mapping or idea mapping. It is a strategy which allows you to explore the relationships between ideas.
Put the subject in the center of a page. Circle or underline it.
As you think of other ideas, link the new ideas to the central circle with lines.
As you think of ideas that relate to the new ideas, add to those in the same way

7.  Result
The result will look like a web on your page. Locate clusters of interest to you, and use the terms you attached to the key ideas as departure points for your paper. Clustering is especially useful in determining the relationship between ideas. You will be able to distinguish how the ideas fit together, especially where there is an abundance of ideas. Clustering your ideas lets you see them visually in a different way, so that you can more readily understand possible directions your paper may take

8.Free writing
Free writing is a process of generating a lot of information by writing non-stop. It allows you to focus on a specific topic, but forces you to write so quickly that you are unable to edit any of your ideas.

Freewrite on the assignment or general topic for several            5-10 minutes non-stop. Force yourself to continue writing even if nothing specific comes to mind. This free writing will include many ideas; at this point, generating ideas is what is important, not the grammar or the spelling.
After you've finished free writing, look back over what you have written and highlight the most prominent and interesting ideas; then you can begin all over again, with a tighter focus. You will narrow your topic and, in the process, you will generate several relevant points about the topic.

10. Looping
Looping is a free writing technique that allows you to increasingly focus your ideas in trying to discover a writing topic. You loop one 5-10 minute free writing after another, so you have a sequence of free writings, each more specific than the other.
The some rules that apply to free writing apply to looping:
write quickly,
Do not edit
Do not stop.

11.Freewrite on an assignment for 5-10 minutes. A variation on looping is to have a classmate circle ideas in your free writing that interests him or her. Then free write again for 5-10 minutes on one of the circled topics. You should end up with a more specific free writing about a particular topic. Loop your free writing again, circling another interesting topic, idea, phrase, or sentence. When you have finished four or five rounds of looping, you will begin to have specific information that indicates what you are thinking about a particular topic. You may even have the basis for a tentative thesis or an improved idea for an approach to your assignment when you have finished.

12.Journalistic Technique
As you may know, journalists have six important questions they need to answer about any story they report: who, what, when, where, why, and how. By answering these questions, journalists can be certain that they have provided the most important information about an event, issue, or problem to their readers.

13.   Suppose that your government professor has asked to write about the malaria problem in the whole world. Using the journalistic technique, you could begin working on the paper by asking yourself the following questions:
Who is involved in the malaria problem?
What is the main reason for spreading malaria?
When did malaria problem accused?
Where does the malaria patients affected?
Why this problem is so dangerous?
How might this problem be resolved?

14.Why Use these Techniques?
Though you have already used brainstorming, clustering, or any of a number of other prewriting techniques, the particle, wave, field and journalistic techniques are slightly more formal. Try these new ways of prewriting and compare them to the previous strategies you used.
The key to any prewriting is finding something that works for you and also finding a technique that is comprehensive enough. Jotting down a word or sentence or two for prewriting is usually not enough; the more ideas you can get on paper in the early stages of writing, the stronger your final paper will be

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