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Monday, July 29, 2013

PPT On Sustainable Development

Presentation On Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development Presentation Transcript:
1.Sustainable  development  in a dynamic  world

2.Introduction & definition
« progress that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs »
(Brundtland Commission 1987)

3.Historical evolution
Since World War II : more intensive agriculture (usage of pesticides) -> effect on biodiversity
Crisis 1970 :
- Club of Rome (1972) : ‘Limits to growth” (correlation between economic growth and consequences for environment)
- Oil crisis (high oil prices with consequences on social level e.g. unemployment, social problems, …)
- Debt crisis : developing countries couldn’t pay their loans and debt : N-S - unbalanced

4.Historical evolution (2)
Brundtlandcommission :
 UN made 3 commissions to solve mundial problems
1 commission was led by Gro Harlem Brundtland (1st minister of Norway)
TARGET : integrating ecology in economical development strategy
World commisssion on environment and development
Rapport “Our common Future” (1987)

5.United Nations Conference on Environment and development (UNCED) – Rio de Janeiro 1992 (Earth Summit)
Biodiversity Convention
UN Climate Change Convention
Statement on forest principles
Local Agenda 21 (agenda for the 21st century)
1997 Kyoto-protocol
2000 – 2015 : UN Millenium Development Goals
2002 World Summit on Sustainable development – Johannesburg
2005-2014 Decade of Education for Sustainable Development
2009 Copenhagen – Climate Change Conference

6.Past/Future Events !!
Convention on Biological Diversity 18-29/10/2010
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012
   Rio + 20

7.Challenges !!

8.Social - environmental changes
1. Poverty
2. Inequality
3. Conflict
4. Air pollution
5. Fresh water
6. Soil
7. Forest
8. Biodiversity
9. Fisheries
10. Climate change
11. Migration

9.The content … what is it about ?
Balance Ecology – Economy – Social
Population growth

10.Economic evolution
BRIC- countries (Brazil, Russia, India China)
Strong economic growth
Brazil (190 million), 7 % GDP Growth
Russia (140 million ) , 5 %
India (1,18 billion), 8,5 %
China (1,3 billion), 9-10 %
USA (300 million), 1,7 %

11.Economic evolution
Moving economic powers
Unpossibility of reaching the same living standards (limited resources)
Link with shortage on food, water, ….
World overshoot day : 21/08 (2010), 23/09 (2008), 9/10 (2006)

Poverty and inequality
Food shortage
Water crisis
In combination with climate change => migrations

Moving towards a more sustainable world
Need of behavioral change
Ethical debate “who are we to tell others what to do?”
Future thinking ? e.g. The 19th century calculations on horse manure
Inherent behavior … Newtons law ? Once moving we want to keep on moving
Hard to change society, or not ?? (e.g. smoking law)

14.From linear thinking to complexity
“We can not solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them (Albert Einstein)”
Our Western society is dominated by linear thinking (cf. Descartes)
Sustainability ? linear
Need for a new way of thinking ! We are blind, resistance for change..
Newton’s law: a moving object wants to keep on moving
Multidisciplinary, multilevel, holistic … based on community values and ethical principles.

15.Simple,complicated and complex

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