Importance Of Technology Presentation Transcript
Through the twentieth Century technology has increasingly shaped the structure of our daily lives. Technology touches every aspect of our work, healthcare systems and educational programs. The decision which are made about technology will have long range
Consequences on quality of services rapidity of change and nature of human lives.
2. DEFINITION OF TECHNOLOGY
Technology consists of any type of equipment that organization members use in the performance of their work (Samuel c.certo)
3. MEANING OF TECHNOLOGY
Knowledge, equipment and methods are used in science and industry (Cambridge learner’s Dictionary)
- The move into an information society from an industrial society had its beginnings in 1956.The information society is characterized by professional people and communication experts whose responsibilities are to create process distribute and utilize information within the context of their positions.
- The first successful electronic computer was developed in 1943 and used by crypto analysis experts during World War II.
The new generation is developing a computer literacy, which will far exceed and educational programs will become less structured in classroom settings as students have greater mobility and freedom to progress at their own pace in working through studies and programs in computers. Technology has been used to reduce pain through electronic devices and lasers.
- Computers are being used to assist in decision-making as it relates to prognosis therapeutic regimens, and nursing care plans.
Technology has benefits & Costs. Benefits usually defined as some measure of the ultimate worth or value of a desired outcome. It can be defined as the effect expected or achieved as a result of utilizing technology.Benefits is divided into ‘Tangible’ benefits and intangible benefits.
I) TANGIBLE BENEFITS
- Tangible benefits are frequently specified in money equivalents. Tangible benefits from technology in health care delivery can be viewed in a number of ways.
- An obvious tangible benefit of technology is the reduction in cost from fewer hospital days than would have been possible without technology. The number of days someone with a chronic illness or disability is kept from working can be decreased by technology and counted in dollar equivalents.
- Evidence of overuse and abuse of health care technology is abundant, The United States spent over 5320 billion on health care in 1982, an increase of about 12 percent over 1982, and triple the 3.9 percent increase in overall consumes price index.
- While the increasing use of technology in medical care has come under sharp attack for its contribution to health care costs, the same has not been true in education. The costs of increased technology in education must be carefully monitored and reviewed against.
- This might one done through using completed assisted instruction or monitoring more students in the clinical area. Instructors might be able to guide a greater number of students by assessing student behavior as student record their activities in the patient’s computerized file.
- Finally, many administrators who have purchased micro computers for research purpose are hoping tangible benefits of such as investment will increase finding for further research and for faculty salaries , which are required for such activities.
- An intangible benefit refers to aspects of quality or effectiveness.
- The intangible benefits of technology may have greater appeal for most health professionals.
- Information which is entered correctly into patient’s records through the computer.
- Nurses will benefit from the computer, which will suggest nursing care plans according to monitored signs and symptoms.
- Finally it is possible the health professionals staffs, students, and faculty job satisfaction will increase
- Other Medical Workers
- Administrative Officer (or) Manager
- Official Workers
There are basically two types of computer with a wide range costs and capabilities.Theses are
A Mainframe computer is the largest machine costing at least several hundred thousand dollars
The mainframe computer is often used in university settings for managing administrative information systems, research and academic evaluation.
- A mini computer is a small computer costing some $ 20,000 to 2, 00,000.It may also allow time sharing; but it is less demanding device and usually does not need a special area. Although it has power and capacity than the larger machines, the power at its disposal. Sufficient for a wide range of commercial, educational and scientific application.
- Software Packages which are easily stored, non breakable, and easily adjusted to one’s situation greatly enhance the potential for utilization.
- There are additional cost considerations after the initial purchase such as the need for space. Also counting costs for maintaining contracts. Supplies, personnel, and upgrading need to be considered
- Technology and out growth of culture, has allowed us to modify and change our surrounding environment and to control many of the stressors that are a natural part of that environment. Unfortunately, modern technology has also created new stressors we must adopt.
- Health care technology has evolved at a tremendous role over the past decades. As a result, we are making strides in understanding and gaining control over disease. Pain and death.
- The major consequence of technology in health care delivery and in the preparation of health professionals cannot be measured meaningfully in only monetary terms.
- Some hospitals will not need a computerized system for recording patient data because the patient severity of illness does not require extensive records. Some colleges and schools of nursing will not be able to afford microcomputers for research output could not be sufficiently increased by having micro computers.
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