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Sunday, December 4, 2011

Recent Trends in Telecommunication Sector

PPT On Recent Trends in Telecommunication Sector


1. “Recent Trends in Telecommunication Sector”

Telecommunications is the transmission of data and information between computers using a communications link such as a standard telephone line.
1994 was a watershed in the history of Indian telecom sector, which ranked sixth in the world after USA, china, Japan, Germany, and France in terms of number of installed fixed lines.
That year saw the introduction of new telecom policy (ntp) of government of India that envisaged a vast change in Indian telecom scenario and reflected the government’s desire to bring Indian telecom at par with the rest of the world.
This policy change was followed up by a large number of other initiatives, including introduction of ntp 1999 that indicated continuing commitment of the government to liberalize the sector.

The telegraph act of 1885 governed the telecommunications sector. Under this act, the government was in-charge of policy making and provision of services.
Major changes began in the 1980s.
Under the Seventh Plan (1985-90), 3.6 percent of total outlay was set aside for communications
And since 1991, more than more than 5.5 percent is spent on it.
The initial phase of telecom reforms began in 1984 with the creation of Center for Department of Telematics (C-DOT) for developing indigenous technologies and private manufacturing of customer premise equipment.

4. Growth of Telecom in India
1994 - National Telecom Policy – 1994 announced
1997 - Telecom Regulatory Authority of India was setup
March 1999 - National Telecom Policy – 99 announced
2000 - TRAI Act amended & separate tribunal proposed
Oct-2002BSNL entered in to GSM cellular operation
19th October, 2002. Made incoming call free & initiated tariff equalization process
Nov 2003 Unified Access (Basic & Cellular) Service License (USAL) introduced as a first step
Recently 3G technology was launched by BSNL in India in 2008.
India is 4th largest market in Asia after china, japan and south Korea

5. Services
Electronic mail (e-mail)
Voice mail
Facsimile (fax)
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS
Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
Dial-in Services
Short Messaging Services (SMS)
Other Services

6. Target Measure in 11th plan for Telecommunication Sector
Focus on making India a regional Telecom manufacturing hub.
FDI limit increased from 49% to 74%
100% FDI permitted under automatic route in the manufacturing sector
Deregulation virtually complete and Unified Licensing regime
Interconnection Usage Charge framework in place
Exemption from customs duty for import of Mobile Switching Centers
Comprehensive Spectrum policy and 3G policy on the anvil

7. Conclusion
Private players in the telecom industry are performing far better than the public players i.e., MTNL and BSNL
Looking at the competition trend, it seems that soon in future, rural schools will be having broadband and internet facilities as their part of studies as well as routine lives.

8. Thank You

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